Maryland Hunger Solutions Releases Report Card for School Breakfast Participation
Creating Healthier Students & Better Learners with the School Breakfast Program: School Breakfast Report Card for Maryland (pdf) measures the state’s progress in reaching low-income students with school breakfast to ensure they start the day ready to learn. Less than half of the nearly 400,000 low-income students in Maryland’s public schools participated in the School Breakfast Program on an average school day in the 2016–2017 school year. Participation has risen consistently since the 2010–2011 school year, when less than one-third of low-income Maryland students participated in school breakfast. While the state has made great strides in expanding school breakfast participation, there is more work to do.
The School Breakfast Program
The School Breakfast Program provides nutritionally balanced, low-cost or free breakfast to children at the start of each school day.
Research shows that children who participate in the School Breakfast Program:
- are less likely to experience food insecurity,
- are better able to learn,
- are less likely to be overweight,
- exhibit better behavior at school,
- consume a healthier overall diet,
- demonstrate improved academic performance, and
- are less likely to be late to or absent from school.
Breakfast Delivery Models
MDHS advocates for increased access to the School Breakfast Program, especially for children most in need, and encourages schools to serve “breakfast after the bell,” including Breakfast in the Classroom and Grab and Go Breakfast models, which result in dramatic increases in breakfast participation rates. In the traditional breakfast model, school breakfast is served in the cafeteria before the start of the school day, and participation tends to be low due to transportation issues, stigma, and incompatible bus or family schedules.
Breakfast in the Classroom
- Breakfast is delivered in coolers or insulated bags to the classrooms.
- Students eat together in their classrooms after the morning bell.
- While students eat breakfast, the teacher takes attendance, collects homework, etc.
- This model has been shown to dramatically increase student participation.
- State funding is available, through the Maryland Meals for Achievement fund, to support schools that serve universal free Breakfast in the Classroom.
Grab and Go Breakfast
- Students choose the breakfast items they want from a kiosk in the hallway or cafeteria.
- Breakfast is usually eaten in the classroom after the morning bell.
- This model works well with middle school and high school students.
Maryland Meals for Achievement
Maryland leads the country in ensuring that students can start the day ready to learn with the Maryland Meals for Achievement (MMFA) program. This state-funded program expands access to universal, free Breakfast in the Classroom in high poverty schools. Participating schools enjoy significantly higher breakfast participation, improved student attendance, and improved student behavior. In the 2017-2018 school year, 451 schools, with more than 240,000 students, participate in this program. However, many schools that applied to participate were not able to do so, due to lack of funding for this successful program.
Community Eligibility Creates Hunger-Free Schools
The Community Eligibility Provision allows high-poverty schools to provide free breakfast and lunch to all students. In the 2016-2017 school year, there were 229 Hunger-Free Schools in Maryland with more than 98,200 students. This new school meal funding option became available in all states in the 2014-2015 school year. Follow this link to more information.
Hear the Maryland Crunch!
Maryland Hunger Solution’s Hear the Maryland Crunch! campaign raises awareness about the importance of the School Breakfast Program in the fight against childhood hunger. Thousands of Marylanders crunch an apple together to spread the word that every child in Maryland should have access to a healthy breakfast. Follow this link to photos and more information.
- Creating Healthier Students and Better Learners with the School Breakfast Program: School Breakfast Report Card for Maryland (pdf)
- Creating Healthier Students and Better Learners with the School Breakfast Program: Maryland’s Report Card for the 2015-2016 School Year (pdf)
- Reducing Childhood Hunger with the School Breakfast Program: Maryland’s Report Card – 2014-2015 school year (pdf); 2013-2014 school year (pdf)
- First Class Breakfast in Maryland: A Guide to Expanding School Breakfast (pdf)
Maryland Hunger Solutions can Help By:
- Working with your school to tailor a program to make breakfast a part of every child’s school day.
- Providing you with breakfast outreach materials to promote the program to students and families.
- Giving a presentation to students, faculty, or staff about the importance of school breakfast.